The present paper reports on the use of CeO2 materials supported palladium chloride catalyst for selectively oxidising organic alcohols into aldehydes. Spherical, microsized rod-shaped and spindle-like CeO2 particles are synthesised and characterised by SEM. The catalysts are prepared by loading palladium chloride onto the CeO2 support matrix. A complete characterization of the catalysts is performed. The activity of catalysts is studied by the selective oxidation of various alcohols. The results show that (1) the catalytic activities prepared by spherical cerium are superior to the catalysts prepared by spindle-like or rod-shaped cerium and (2) the catalyst PdCl2/CeO2 (nanospheres) show good activity, high yield, and good stability.