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Title: LDL hypercholesterolemia is associated with accumulation of oxidized LDL, atherosclerotic plaque growth, and compensatory vessel enlargement in coronary arteries of miniature pigs
Authors: Holvoet, Paul ×
Theilmeier, G
Shivalkar, Bharati
Flameng, Willem
Collen, Desire #
Issue Date: Mar-1998
Series Title: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology vol:18 issue:3 pages:415-22
Abstract: The association between accumulation of oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) and (1) progression of atherosclerotic plaques and (2) compensatory enlargement was assessed in the coronary arteries of LDL-hypercholesterolemic miniature pigs. In miniature pigs fed a 4% cholesterol diet, LDL cholesterol levels increased from 27+/-3.5 mg/dL (mean+/-SEM, n=36) to 250+/-28 mg/dL (n=10), 260+/-15 mg/dL (n=6), and 260+/-17 mg/dL (n=10) at 6, 14, and 24 weeks, respectively. Mean intimal areas of lesions in the left anterior descending coronary artery of hypercholesterolemic pigs were 0.16+/-0.046 mm2 at 6 weeks (n=10) and increased 5.4-fold (n=6, P<.05) and 10.6-fold (n=10, P<.001) at 14 and 24 weeks, respectively. Plaque growth was associated with an increase in mean internal elastic lamina area, from 1.44+/-0.17 to 4.38+/-0.52 mm2 (P=.007) and in mean luminal area from 1.42+/-0.15 mm2 in control pigs to 4.38+/-0.52 mm2 in pigs fed a cholesterol diet for 24 weeks (P=.007 vs control). Levels of total LDL in the intima, measured immunocytochemically, were 0.031+/-0.0098, 0.11+/-0.057 (P< or =.05), and 0.43+/-0.082 U (P<.001) at 6, 14, and 24 weeks, respectively. Corresponding levels of oxidized LDL were 0.034+/-0.023, 0.11+/-0.050 (P<.05), and 0.44+/-0.065 U (P<.001), respectively, suggesting that virtually all LDL in the intima is oxidized. Levels of oxidized LDL in the lesions were correlated with the intimal areas (r=.85, P<.0001) but were independent of plasma levels of LDL cholesterol and of oxidized LDL. Plaque levels of oxidized LDL were also correlated with internal elastic lamina areas (r=.72, P<.0001) and with luminal areas (r=.50, P=.0098). Plaque growth in the coronary arteries of LDL-hypercholesterolemic miniature pigs is associated with (1) an increase in plaque levels of oxidized LDL at constant plasma levels of LDL cholesterol and of oxidized LDL and (2) compensatory vessel enlargement proportional to plaque levels of oxidized LDL.
URI: 
ISSN: 1079-5642
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Atherosclerosis and Metabolism (-)
Experimental Cardiac Surgery
Molecular and Vascular Biology
Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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