Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:274 issue:52 pages:37139-46
The pleiotropic drug resistance protein, Pdr5p, is an ATP-binding cassette transporter of the plasma membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Overexpression of Pdr5p results in increased cell resistance to a variety of cytotoxic compounds, a phenotype reminiscent of the multiple drug resistance seen in tumor cells. Pdr5p and two other yeast ATP-binding cassette transporters, Snq2p and Yor1p, were found to be phosphorylated on serine residues in vitro. Mutations in the plasma membrane-bound casein kinase I isoforms, Yck1p and Yck2p, abolished Pdr5p phosphorylation and modified the multiple drug resistance profile. We showed Pdr5p to be ubiquitylated when overexpressed. However, instability of Pdr5p was only seen in Yck1p- and Yck2p-deficient strains, in which it was degraded in the vacuole via a Pep4p-dependent mechanism. Our results suggest that casein kinase I activity is required for membrane trafficking of Pdr5p to the cell surface. In the absence of functional Yck1p and Yck2p, Pdr5p is transported to the vacuole for degradation.