European journal of anaesthesiology vol:14 issue:3 pages:250-257
The analgesic efficacy of tenoxicam, a newer injectable non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, for post-operative analgesia after abdominal or orthopaedic surgery in ASA Grade I/II patients is reported. Two hundred and fifty-six patients received a single dose of tenoxicam 40 mg intravenous (i.v.) at the end of surgery and this was repeated 24 h later. These patients were compared, with respect to pain or adverse events, with 258 patients that received placebo. All patients were monitored for the next 72 h. Overall, tenoxicam provided reliable analgesia with comparable pain scores at rest, moving and coughing. The cumulative rescue PCA-morphine consumption was always lower in the tenoxicam treated patients and was most marked at 4 and 24 h after the second injection of tenoxicam. This effect was more pronounced after abdominal surgery. The intravenous administration of tenoxicam was associated with a low incidence of adverse events and a high tolerability.