The American Review of Respiratory Disease vol:143 issue:1 pages:114-118
Nonadrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) neural bronchoconstrictor responses in guinea pig airways are due to the release of tachykinins from sensory nerves. We have performed an in vitro study using electrical field stimulation (EFS; 40 V, 0.5 ms, 8 Hz for 20 s) in guinea pig bronchi to investigate the effect of nedocromil sodium (NS) on NANC bronchoconstrictor responses. NS inhibited NANC bronchoconstriction in bronchi in a concentration-dependent manner, with a maximum inhibition of 40 +/- 4% (p less than 0.001, n = 6) at 100 microM. Cromolyn sodium, however, produced only 9 +/- 8% inhibition at the same molar concentration (p less than 0.05). NS did not affect the contractile response to substance P, nor did it modulate the cholinergic bronchoconstrictor response to EFS in tracheal smooth muscle. These results indicate that NS may modulate the release of tachykinins from airway sensory nerves.