British Journal of Pharmacology vol:125 issue:7 pages:1477-84
We have investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the desensitization of histamine H1-receptors and in the expression of the histamine H1-receptor gene in airway smooth muscle. Prolonged 4beta-phorbol 12,13 dibutyrate (PDBu) pretreatment (4 h, 100 nM-1 microM) of bovine trachealis caused a concentration-dependent loss of contraction in response to histamine H1-receptor stimulation, which was associated with a concentration-dependent decrease in histamine-induced total [3H]-inositol phosphates accumulation. In contrast, the responses to sodium fluoride, a direct G-protein activator, were unalterd by PDBu (100-300 nM) pre-incubation and only slightly reduced following incubation with 1 microM PDBu. A selective PKC inhibitor, GF 109203X, partially blocked the PDBu (1 microM)-induced desensitization and completely blocked the effect of 100 nM PDBu, confirming the involvement of PKC. Binding experiments using [3H]-pyrilamine revealed a class of high-affinity binding sites within the range for the histamine H1 receptor in airway smooth muscle. PDBu (1 microM) pretreatment for 4 h did not change the number of histamine H1 receptors. PDBu (1 microM) exposure caused a time-dependent reduction in the steady-state levels of histamine H1-receptor mRNA, which was inhibited by pre-incubation with GF 109203X and by cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor. Nuclear run-on assays revealed a 50% reduction in the rate of histamine H1-receptor gene transcription after 17 h PDBu pretreatment, whereas mRNA stability was not affected by PDBu pretreatment (17 h). In conclusion, we have shown a PKC-mediated desensitization of the histamine H1-receptor in BTSM and a transcriptional down-regulation of the histamine H1-receptor gene expression, which requires new protein synthesis.