European Respiratory Journal vol:22 issue:1 pages:43-9
Reactive oxygen species are involved in the activation of several mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), key-players in the production of several cytokines. Therefore the current study investigated whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidative agent, inhibits the interleukin (IL)-1beta-induced expression and production of eotaxin and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 in human airway smooth muscle cells (HASMC). NAC (10 mM) decreased the expression of eotaxin and MCP-1, by 46 +/- 11% (n=7) and 87 +/- 4% (n=6), respectively; the eotaxin release was inhibited by 75 +/- 5% (n=7), whereas the MCP-1 release was decreased by 69 +/- 41% (n=10). NAC (1 mM) also decreased the IL-1beta-induced activation of p38 MAPK. Compared with unstimulated cells, a four-fold increase in 8-isoprostane production in IL-1beta-stimulated HASMC was observed, which could be inhibited by NAC in a concentration-dependent way, with a maximum inhibition of 39 +/- 12%, with 1 mM NAC. The present study demonstrated that N-acetylcysteine inhibits the interleukin-1beta-induced eotaxin and monocyte chemotactic protein 1 expression and production due to a decreased activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. This study has also shown that N-acetylcysteine decreases the interleukin-1beta-induced production of reactive oxygen species, as suggested by a reduction in the 8-isoprostane production.