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Title: Efficacy of total lymphoid irradiation in azithromycin nonresponsive chronic allograft rejection after lung transplantation
Authors: Verleden, Geert
Lievens, Yolande
Dupont, Lieven
Van Raemdonck, Dirk
De Vleeschauwer, St├ęphanie
Vos, Robin
Vanaudenaerde, Bart # ×
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Series Title: Transplantation proceedings vol:41 issue:5 pages:1816-20
Abstract: Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) remains a major problem after lung transplantation. Azithromycin seems to be beneficial in some patients with established BOS. We investigated the efficacy of total lymphoid irradiation (TLI) in 6 BOS patients with a continuous decline in FEV(1), despite treatment with azithromycin for a mean of 12 +/- 13 (range, 1-35) months. A historical control group consisted of 5 patients with declining FEV(1), also nonresponders to azithromycin and those not treated with TLI. All 6 TLI patients received the total dose of 8 Gy in 10 sessions. There was a significant change in the decline of the FEV(1) after TLI treatment (from 221 +/- 107 to 94 +/- 79 mL/mo; P = .041). Three patients died, due to BOS progression, overwhelming pneumonia, and sudden cardiac arrest, respectively, 3.5, 11, and 26 months after TLI; two patients underwent retransplantation at 6 and 19 months after TLI, respectively. The sixth patient remains stable in BOS stage 3 after a follow-up period of 24 months. In the control group, there was no significant change in FEV(1) decline (209 +/- 97 mL/mo before versus 193 +/- 81 mL/mo after starting azithromycin; P = not significant). Two patients remain stable in BOS stage 3, 1 died of BOS progression, and the 5th patient is scheduled for retransplantation. We conclude that patients who do not or no longer respond to azithromycin may benefit from TLI, as suggested by a decreased rate in decline of the FEV(1).
URI: 
ISSN: 0041-1345
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Pneumology
Laboratory of Experimental Radiotherapy
Thoracic Surgery
Experimental Cardiac Surgery (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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