Diagnosis and prognosis of breast cancer by magnetic resonance spectroscopy of fine-needle aspirates analysed using a statistical classification strategy
Mountford, CE × Somorjai, RL Malycha, P Gluch, L Lean, C Russell, P Barraclough, B Gillett, D Himmelreich, Uwe Dolenko, B Nikulin, AE Smith, ICP #
Blackwell science ltd
British Journal of Surgery vol:88 issue:9 pages:1234-1240
Background: The aim was to develop robust classifiers to analyse magnetic resonance spectroscopy
(MRS) data of finne-needle aspirates taken from breast tumours. The resulting data could provide
computerized, classification-based diagnosis and prognostic indicators.
Methods: Fine-needle aspirate biopsies obtained at the time of surgery for both benign and malignant
breast diseases were analysed by one-dimensional proton MRS at 8.5 Tesla. Diagnostic correlation was
performed between the spectra and standard pathology reports, including the presence of vascular
invasion by the primary cancer and involvement of the excised axillary lymph nodes.
Results: Malignant tissue was distinguished from benign lesions with an overall accuracy of 93 per cent.
From the same spectra, lymph node involvement was predicted with an overall accuracy of 95 per cent,
and tumour vascular invasion with an overall accuracy of 94 per cent.
Conclusion: The pathology, nodal involvement and tumour vascular invasion were predicted by
computerized statistical classification of the proton MRS spectrum from a fine-needle aspirate biopsy
taken from the primary breast lesion.