Topics in Catalysis vol:52 issue:9 pages:1292-1300
The synthesis of menthol from citronellal was studied on bifunctional Ir/Beta zeolite catalysts, prepared via impregnation of Beta zeolite with different concentrations of Ir. The results show that Beta zeolites, impregnated with Ir, catalyze the one-pot full conversion of citronellal to menthol by consecutive acid-catalyzed cyclization and Ir-catalyzed hydrogenation. The best results (95% selectivity for the menthol isomers, of which 75% is the desired (+/-)-menthol) were recorded on 3% Ir/Beta zeolite catalyst. In contrast with earlier studies, 0.05 g Ir/Beta catalyst per mL of substrate leads to complete and selective substrate transformation. The textural properties, acidity and hydrogenation function were studied by liquid N-2 adsorption-desorption, FT-IR, XPS and hydrogen chemisorption techniques. To clarify the mechanism of the cyclization of citronellal, tests were also performed using zeolites with different acidity and loaded with other metals (Pt, Pd, Rh, Ru).