International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry vol:24 issue:5 pages:523-31
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the differences between characteristics of community dwelling demented and non demented elderly and their caregivers at the moment of definitive institutionalization. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional analysis performed on data obtained from a Network of Sentinel General Practitioners. RESULTS: Older demented patients with several concomitant diseases were mainly placed because of unmanageable behavioral disturbances. Strikingly, these dementia patients were more often confronted with a time delay in definitive institutionalization due to their high care dependence. Although burden in the dementia family caregivers was an important motivation for definitive institutionalization, it did not seem to be a motive in the final institutionalization circumstances. CONCLUSIONS: Behavioral disturbances are independently of caregiver burden, professional support, or a spousal relationship the main direct reason for institutionalization of community dwelling demented elderly. The way caregivers feel supported might play the key role in the final placement decision.