Unloading effect of a rotary blood pump assessed by mathematical modeling
Vandenberghe, Stijn × Segers, Patrick Meyns, Bart Verdonck, Pascal #
Artificial organs vol:27 issue:12 pages:1094-101
Due to the increased appeal of rotary blood pumps for long-term cardiac assist, we conducted a study of their capacity to unload the left ventricle (LV). We used a validated mathematical model of the cardiovascular system and implemented the pump characteristics of an investigational microdiagonal pump (Medos). The influence of the pump on systemic hemodynamics, LV energetic parameters, and wall stress was evaluated in continuous and synchronous pulsatile modes of operation. For the continuous mode simulations, the influence of heart rate, LV contractility, and pump speed was assessed in a parametric study. For the pulsatile mode, different onsets of a synchronous time-varying pump speed pattern were tested. Our data indicate that the effectiveness of unloading in continuous mode depends on the contractility of the native ventricle. Hypocontractile ventricles are most easily unloaded, while ventricles with moderate contractility require high continuous pump speeds to achieve notable unloading. In pulsatile mode, the pump timing is an important determinant of pump/cardiovascular system interaction, with a counterpulsation setting yielding the best unloading.