Anesthesia and analgesia vol:82 issue:5 pages:975-81
We studied the effects of mild hypothermia on cardiac contractility in isolated rabbit hearts perfused with Krebs-Henseleit solution according to the technique of Langendorff. Isovolumetric left ventricular pressure (LVP) was measured with a fluid-filled balloon. Hearts were paced after induction of atrioventricular block. At low heart rates ( < 30 bpm) mild hypothermia (cooling to 30 degrees C) induced a 32% increase in LVp (146.5 +/- 10 mm Hg at 30 degrees C vs 110.7 +/- 13 mm Hg at 37 degrees C) but this positive inotropic response was progressively lost by increasing heart rate. At pacing rates > or = 90 bpm, lower systolic LVP, higher diastolic LVP, and lower positive and negative LV dP/dt were obtained in hypothermic (93 +/- 12 mm Hg, 55 +/- 18 mm Hg, 584 +/- 137 mm Hg/s, and 323 +/- 57 mm Hg/s at 210 bpm, respectively) compared to normothermic hearts (123 +/- 4 mm Hg, 10 +/- 4 mm Hg, 1705 +/- 145.5 mm Hg/s, and 1155 +/- 78 mm Hg/s at 210 bpm, respectively.) The duration of mechanical diastole was reduced or suppressed in these hearts. Exposure to the beta-adrenoreceptor agonist, isoproterenol, improved this diastolic dysfunction during hypothermia and pacing at high rates, suggesting that the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ uptake might be involved. Our data are also consistent with an increase in myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity that is opposed by isoproterenol during hypothermia.