American journal of hypertension : journal of the American Society of Hypertension vol:13 issue:5 Pt 1 pages:535-9
The purpose of these investigations was to determine whether the aminopeptidase B and leucine aminopeptidase inhibitor bestatin, the chymase inhibitor chymostatin, the calpain inhibitor E-64, and the neutral serine protease inhibitor leupeptin affect the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity in T-lymphocytes. ACE activity in homogenates of T-lymphocytes or in intact T-lymphocytes in suspension was measured by determining fluorimetrically histidyl-leucine, formed from the conversion of hippuryl-histidyl-leucine, coupled with ophtaldialdehyde. The effect of various concentrations (10(-9) to 10(-3) mol/L) of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors lisinopril and captopril and of the various protease inhibitors on ACE activity was studied. Lisinopril and captopril reduced the ACE activity in homogenates of T-lymphocytes in a concentration-dependent manner. Lisinopril exhibited a more pronounced inhibition of ACE in T-lymphocytes than did captopril. Chymostatin and E-64 had no effect on the ACE activity in T-lymphocytes, whereas leupeptin inhibited its activity in a dose-dependent fashion. Bestatin, on the contrary, increased the ACE activity in homogenates of T-lymphocytes as well as in intact T-lymphocytes in proportion to the concentration. Our data showed that the ACE activity in T-lymphocytes was stimulated by bestatin and inhibited by leupeptin, whereas chymostatin and E-64 did not affect the ACE activity in T-lymphocytes.