Neurogastroenterology and Motility vol:21 issue:5 pages:528-533
Ghrelin increases gastric tone in the fasting state and enhances gastric emptying in gastroparesis. The aims of the study were to evaluate the effect of ghrelin on postprandial gastric tone and on meal-induced satiety in health. Ten healthy volunteers underwent a barostat study on two occasions. After determination of intra-abdominal pressure (minimal distending pressure, MDP), isobaric volume measurement was performed for 90 min at MDP + 2 mmHg. After 20 min, ghrelin (40 mu g) or saline was administered i.v. over 30 min in a double-blind-randomized cross-over design, followed 10 min later by a liquid meal (200 mL, 300 kcal). Stepwise isobaric distentions (+2 mmHg per 2 min) were performed 60 min after the meal. Data (mean +/- SEM) were compared using paired Student's t-test and anova. Separately, a satiety drinking test (15 mL min(-1) until satiety score 5) was performed on 10 subjects twice, after treatment with placebo or ghrelin. Ghrelin infusion significantly inhibited gastric accommodation (mean volume increase adjusted means 108.0 +/- 50 vs 23.0 +/- 49 mL, P = 0.03, ancova with the premeal postinfusion volume as covariate) and reduced postprandial gastric volumes (197.2 +/- 24.6 vs 353.5 +/- 50.0 mL, P = 0.01). Pressures inducing perception or discomfort during postprandial gastric distentions were not altered. During satiety testing, ghrelin did not alter nutrient volume ingested till maximal satiety (637.5 +/- 70.9 vs 637.5 +/- 56.2 mL, ns). Ghrelin administered during the meal significantly inhibits gastric accommodation in health, but this is not associated with early satiation.