Title: Prognostic value of the admission electrocardiogram in acute coronary syndromes
Authors: Savonitto, S ×
Ardissino, D
Granger, C B
Morando, G
Prando, M D
Mafrici, A
Cavallini, C
Melandri, G
Thompson, T D
Vahanian, A
Ohman, E M
Califf, R M
Van de Werf, Frans
Topol, E J #
Issue Date: Feb-1999
Series Title: JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association vol:281 issue:8 pages:707-13
Abstract: CONTEXT: The presence of ischemic changes on electrocardiogram (ECG) correlates with poorer outcomes in patients with acute chest pain. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prognostic value of various ECG presentations of acute myocardial ischemia. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of the presenting ECGs of patients enrolled in Global Use of Strategies To Open Occluded Arteries in Acute Coronary Syndromes (GUSTO-IIb). SETTING: Three hundred seventy-three hospitals in 13 countries in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. PATIENTS: A total of 12142 patients who reported symptoms of cardiac ischemia at rest within 12 hours of admission and had signs of myocardial ischemia confirmed by ECG. On presenting ECG, 22% of patients had T-wave inversion, 28% had ST-segment elevation, 35% had ST-segment depression, and 15% had a combination of ST-segment elevation and depression. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Ability of presenting ECG to predict death or myocardial reinfarction during the first 30 days of follow-up. RESULTS: The 30-day incidence of death or myocardial reinfarction was 5.5% in patients with T-wave inversion, 9.4% in those with ST-segment elevation, 10.5% in those with ST-segment depression, and 12.4% in those with ST-segment elevation and depression (P<.001). After adjusting for factors associated with an increased risk of 30-day death or reinfarction, compared with those who had T-wave inversion only, the odds of 30-day death or reinfarction were 1.68 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.36-2.08) in those with ST-segment elevation, 1.62 (95% CI, 1.32-1.98) for those with ST-segment depression, and 2.27 (95% CI, 1.80-2.86) for those with combined elevation and depression. An elevated creatine kinase level at admission correlated with a higher risk of death (odds ratio [OR], 2.36; 95% CI, 1.92-2.91) and death or reinfarction (OR, 1.56; 95% CI, 1.32-1.85). The ECG category and creatine kinase level at admission remained highly predictive of death and myocardial infarction after multivariate adjustment for the significant baseline predictors of events. CONCLUSIONS: The ECG at presentation allows immediate risk stratification across the spectrum of acute coronary syndromes. An elevated creatine kinase level at admission is associated with worse outcomes.
ISSN: 0098-7484
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science