The transformation of work? A quantitative evaluation of the shape of employment in Europe
The aim of this report is to measure the effects of global value chain restructuring on employment in the European Union. In line with the qualitative research of the WORKS project, the business function is used as the main unit of analysis. A business function is defined as a unit of activity that can be categorised within a value chain: a cluster of technologically and economically distinct activities which are usually performed together. Business functions refer to both core and support activities in value chains. The quantitative analysis is performed on the basis of the EU Labour Force Survey.
The main conclusion that can be drawn from the analysis is that several business functions are increasingly performed within specialised service sectors. Evidence has been found of a shift of specific business functions from sectors in which they are ‘peripheral’ to the production process, towards sectors in which they constitute the core activity. The most obvious example of this trend has been found in IT services and logistics, but this shift can be observed also in marketing and sales, and legal and financial services.