Abnormal integrin-mediated regulation of chronic myelogenous leukemia CD34+ cell proliferation: BCR/ABL up-regulates the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, p27Kip, which is relocated to the cell cytoplasm and incapable of regulating cdk2 activity
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol:97 issue:19 pages:10538-43
beta(1)-integrin engagement on normal (NL) CD34(+) cells increases levels of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (cdki), p27(Kip), decreases cdk2 activity, and inhibits G(1)/S-phase progression. In contrast, beta(1)-integrin engagement on chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) CD34(+) cells does not inhibit G(1)/S progression. We now show that, in CML, baseline p27(Kip) levels are significantly higher than in NL CD34(+) cells, but adhesion to fibronectin (FN) does not increase p27(Kip) levels. p27(Kip) mRNA levels are similar in CML and NL CD34(+) cells and remain unchanged after adhesion, suggesting posttranscriptional regulation. Despite the elevated p27(Kip) levels, cdk2 kinase activity is similar in CML and NL CD34(+) cells. In NL CD34(+) cells, >90% of p27(Kip) is located in the nucleus, where it binds to cdk2 after integrin engagement. In CML CD34(+) cells, however, >80% of p27(Kip) is located in the cytoplasm even in FN-adherent cells, and significantly less p27(Kip) is bound to cdk2. Thus, presence of BCR/ABL induces elevated levels of p27(Kip) and relocation of p27(Kip) to the cytoplasm, which contributes to the loss of integrin-mediated proliferation inhibition, characteristic of CML.