Quantification of collateral resistance in acute and chronic experimental coronary occlusion in the dog
Schaper, W × Flameng, Willem Winkler, B Wüsten, B Türschmann, W Neugebauer, G Carl, M Pasyk, S #
Circulation Research vol:39 issue:3 pages:371-7
The resistance to coronary blood flow in various parts of the myocardium was studied with the tracer microspheres technique before and immediately after an acute coronary occlusion and several weeks after a more slowly occurring coronary occlusion by Ameroid constrictor. All experiments were carried out in the isolated, metabolically supported, empty, beating dog heart at maximal coronary vasodilation induced with adenosine. Coronary resistance of the normal empty beating heart at maximal coronary vasodilation was 0.20 mm mm Hg/(ml/min) per 100 g of tissue (subepicardium) and 0.16 mm Hg/(ml/min) per 100 g of tissue (subendocardium). After acute coronary occlusion the perfusion of the subtended myocardium was maintained at a much lower level by way of collateral vessels, which showed a resistance to flow of 3.52 mm Hg/(ml/min) per 100 g. If coronary artery occlusion proceeded more slowly the collateral vessels became more functional and myocardial infarction was avoided. During collateral enlargement collateral resistance fell from 3.52 to 0.22 mm Hg/(ml/min) per 100 g within a period of 8 weeks after implantation of the constricting device. The degree of compensation by collaterals for the loss of the occluded native coronary artery was 33% of its former conductance.