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Title: The distribution of heavy metals during fluidized bed combustion of sludge (FBSC)
Authors: Van de Velden, Manon
Dewil, Raf
Baeyens, Jan ×
Josson, L.
Lanssens, P. #
Issue Date: Feb-2008
Publisher: Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co.
Series Title: Journal of Hazardous Materials vol:151 issue:1 pages:96-102
Abstract: During combustion of wastewater treatment sludge, the inorganic constituents are converted into ash which contains the major fraction of the heavy metals present. The behaviour of heavy metals in combustion processes has been studied extensively for mostly coal combustion and waste incineration. For biomass and sludge, literature data are scarce and mostly limited to laboratory experiments. The present paper assesses the partitioning of eight heavy metals (Hg, As, Cd, Cu, Pb, Cr, Ni and Zn) in the different residues from a large-scale fluidized bed sludge combustor of 4.4 m i.d. The origin of the sludge is mostly from treating urban wastewaters (>90%), although some mixed sludge (urban + industrial, <10%) is also burnt. The different residues (bottom ash, fly ash, filter cake, scrubber effluent and stack emissions) were sampled and analysed during 33 weeks, spread over a period of I year. The mass balance of relevant heavy metals closes for 96.5%, inaccuracies being related to the unsteadiness of the process, the accuracy of the mass flow data monitored at the plant, and on collecting representative samples. It is also shown that all heavy metals under scrutiny, except Hg, are concentrated in the fly ash as collected in the electrostatic precipitator. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-3894
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Bio- & Chemical Systems Technology, Reactor Engineering and Safety Section
Sustainable Chemical Process Technology TC, Technology Campus De Nayer Sint-Katelijne-Waver
Sustainable Chemical Process Technology TC
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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