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Title: A lepidopteran pacifastin member: cloning, gene structure, recombinant production, transcript profiling and in vitro activity
Authors: Breugelmans, Bert ×
Simonet, Gert
van Hoef, Vincent
Van Soest, Sofie
Smagghe, Guy
Vanden Broeck, Jozef #
Issue Date: Jul-2009
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Series Title: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology vol:39 issue:7 pages:430-439
Abstract: Members of the pacifastin family have been characterized as serine peptidase inhibitors (PI), but their target enzyme(s) are unknown in insects. So far, the structural and biochemical characteristics of pacifastin-like PI have only been studied in locusts. Here we report the molecular identification and functional characterization of a pacifastin-like precursor in a lepidopteran insect, i.e. the silkworm Bombyx mori. The bmpp-1 gene contains 17 exons and codes for two pacifastin-related precursors of different length. The longest splice variant encodes 13 inhibitor domains, more than any other pacifastin-like precursor in arthropods. The second transcript lacks two exons and codes for 11 inhibitor domains. By studying the expression profile of the Bombyx pacifastin-like gene a different expression pattern for the two variants was observed suggesting functional diversification. Next, several PI domains of BMPP-1 were produced and, contrary to locust pacifastin peptides, they were found to be potent inhibitors of both bovine trypsin and chymotrypsin. Surprisingly, the same Bombyx PI are only weak inhibitors of endogenous digestive peptidases, indicating that other peptidases are the in vivo targets. Interestingly, the Bombyx PI inhibit a fungal trypsin-like cuticle degrading enzyme, suggesting a protective function for BMPP-1 against entomopathogenic fungi.
URI: 
ISSN: 0965-1748
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Animal Physiology and Neurobiology Section - miscellaneous
Experimental Cardiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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