The American journal of cardiology vol:60 issue:7 pages:431-4
The effect of combined intravenous infusion of 10 mg of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and 10 mg of recombinant single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator over 1 hour on coronary artery recanalization and on the blood fibrinolytic system was studied in 9 patients with acute myocardial infarction and angiographically confirmed coronary artery occlusion. In 3 of these patients, prior infusion of 10 mg of rt-PA over 1 hour before the first angiogram had not produced coronary artery reperfusion. Complete recanalization was achieved in 7 patients and transient recanalization with reocclusion in 1 patient, whereas coronary artery occlusion persisted in 1 patient. At the end of the infusion, the fibrinogen level remained unchanged and no increase in fibrinogen degradation products was observed, whereas the alpha 2 antiplasmin level had decreased to 61 +/- 16% (mean +/- standard deviation) of the preinfusion level. Thus, combined intravenous infusion of rt-PA and recombinant single-chain urokinase-type plasminogen activator induces fibrin-specific coronary thrombolysis at approximately one-fourth of the dose currently used for each agent alone, which further documents the pharmacologic synergism of these agents.