Journal of Dental Research vol:88 issue:11 pages:1026-1030
The inflammatory response plays an important role in the tissue destruction associated with periodontitis. Bacterial species can regulate the inflammatory response of host cells, triggered by pathogens. It was hypothesized that also in the field of oral microbiology/immunology such effects of bacterial interactions on inflammatory host cell responses might be present. In this study the effect of beneficial, commensal and pathogenic species on Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans-induced interleukin-8 (IL-8) production by human cells was investigated.
The beneficial species, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus salivarius and Streptococcus sanguinis, were able to lower the IL-8 production triggered by A. actinomycetemcomitans. The inhibitory effect was also achieved by the application of streptococcal supernatants. In contrast, the commensal Streptococcus gordonii caused no reduction, and the pathogen Fusobacterium nucleatum increased the IL-8 production by the host cells.
These results show that bacterial species can influence the inflammatory response of host cells triggered by infection with A. actinomycetemcomitans.