Today, rotary pumps are routinely used for extracorporeal circulation in different clinical settings and applications. A review of these applications and specific limitations in extracorporeal perfusion was performed and served as a basis for the development of the DeltaStream. The DeltaStreams is a miniaturized rotary blood pump of a new and unique design with an integrated drive unit. Despite its small design, the pump maintains a sufficient hydraulic capacity, which makes the DeltaStream very flexible for intra- and perioperative applications. It also opens the field for short-term ventricular assist devices (VAD) applications or use as a component in extracorporeal life support systems (ECLS). The DeltaStream and, specifically, its impeller design have been optimized with respect to haemolysis and nonthrombogenicity. Also, the pump facilitates an effective pulse generation in VAD applications and simulates heart action in a more physiological way than other rotary pumps or roller pumps. Hydraulic and haematological properties have been tested in vitro and in vivo. In a series of seven animal experiments in two different setups, the pump demonstrated its biocompatibility and applicability. Basic aspects of the DeltaStream pump concept as well as important console features are presented. A summary of the final investigation of this pump is given with focus on hydraulic capabilities and results from animal studies.