European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery vol:8 issue:8 pages:410-9; discussion 419
Determinants of early, late and event-free survival of combined valve and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery were studied in 420 patients using multivariate analysis. It was found that the risk of hospital death increases 5 times when the preoperative NYHA class was > or = IV, 3 times when left ventricular (LV) function is significantly impaired and is double when mitral regurgitation is present. The survival probability of hospital survivors was 91% (87.3-94.5%) at 5 years. Late mortality was determined by advanced preoperative NYHA class ( > or = IV) and the presence of mitral regurgitation. The event-free survival probability of hospital survivors, i.e. total events including death, valve-related complications, ischemic complications and recurrent NYHA class > or = IV, was 73.0% (66.7-79.5%) at 5 years. Postoperative events were determined by the presence of preoperative NYHA class > or = IV, impaired ventricular function, mitral regurgitation and non-sinus rhythm. It is concluded that these parameters can be considered as the most important predictors of clinical outcome after combined valve and CABG surgery.