Annals of vascular surgery vol:1 issue:3 pages:328-34
The authors present a series of 175 femoropopliteal (below-knee) and 65 femorotibial reconstructions with the human umbilical vein (HUV) graft performed over an eight year period. With a mean follow-up of 36.7 months (range one month to 84 months) the early patency rate of 89% decreased to 54% after five years. Long-term patency was found to be primarily related to the location of the distal anastomosis and the quality of the outflow, showing a statistically significant decrease after repeat revascularization. Early thrombosis, even in the absence of a technical failure and late aneurysmal degeneration remain the major problems associated with the use of the HUV graft. It is therefore recommended that these reconstructions be preserved for patients with advanced ischemia or a limited life-expectancy.