Title: Molecular characterisation of a mosaicism with a complex chromosome rearrangement: evidence for coincident chromosome healing by telomere capture and neo-telomere formation
Authors: Chabchoub, Elyes ×
Rodríguez, Laura
Galán, Enrique
Mansilla, Elena
Martínez-Fernandez, Maria Luisa
Martínez-Frías, Maria Luisa
Fryns, Jean-Pierre
Vermeesch, Joris #
Issue Date: Apr-2007
Publisher: British Medical Association
Series Title: Journal of Medical Genetics vol:44 issue:4 pages:250-256
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Broken chromosomes must acquire new telomeric "caps" to be structurally stable. Chromosome healing can be mediated either by telomerase through neo-telomere synthesis or by telomere capture. AIM: To unravel the mechanism(s) generating complex chromosomal mosaicisms and healing broken chromosomes. METHODS: G banding, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH), fluorescence in-situ hybridisation (FISH) and short tandem repeat analysis (STR) was performed on a girl presenting with mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, urogenital malformations and limb anomalies carrying a complex chromosomal mosaicism. Results & discussion: The karyotype showed a de novo chromosome rearrangement with two cell lines: one cell line with a deletion 9pter and one cell line carrying an inverted duplication 9p and a non-reciprocal translocation 5pter fragment. aCGH, FISH and STR analysis enabled the deduction of the most likely sequence of events generating this complex mosaic. During embryogenesis, a double-strand break occurred on the paternal chromosome 9. Following mitotic separation of both broken sister chromatids, one acquired a telomere vianeo-telomere formation, while the other generated a dicentric chromosome which underwent breakage during anaphase, giving rise to the del inv dup(9) that was subsequently healed by chromosome 5 telomere capture. CONCLUSION: Broken chromosomes can coincidently be rescued by both telomere capture and neo-telomere synthesis.
ISSN: 0022-2593
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical Genetics Section (-)
Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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