TRPC1 channels regulate directionality of migrating cells
Fabian, A Fortmann, T Dieterich, P Riethmueller, C Schoen, P Mally, S Nilius, Bernd Schwab, A # ×
Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology vol:457 issue:2 pages:475-484
Cell migration depends on the generation of structural asymmetry and on different steps: protrusion and adhesion at the front and traction and detachment at the rear part of the cell. The activity of Ca2+ channels coordinate these steps by arranging intracellular Ca2+ signals along the axis of movement. Here, we investigated the role of the putative mechanosensitive canonical transient receptor potential channel 1 (TRPC1) in cell migration. We analyzed its function in transformed renal epithelial (Madin-Darby canine kidney-focus) cells with variation of TRPC1 expression. As shown by time lapse video microscopy, TRPC1 knockdown cells have partially lost their polarity and the ability to persistently migrate into a given direction. This failure is linked to the suppression of a local Ca2+ gradient at the front of migrating TRPC1 knockdown cells, whereas TRPC1 overexpression leads to steeper Ca2+ gradients. We propose that the Ca2+ signaling events regulated by TRPC1 within the lamellipodium determine polarity and directed cell migration.