Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry vol:264 issue:1 pages:91-101
The proliferation response of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to concanavalin A (con A) was tested in a medium with or without addition of fetal calf serum (FCS) or a serum substitute. The time profile of the proliferative response of PBMC to con A was different in cells cultured in a medium supplemented with or without FCS. This different pattern occurred for the con A-induced DNA-synthesis as well as for the RNA- or protein-synthesis. The peak proliferation rate and the stimulation index of proliferation of human PBMC to con A was also higher when the cells were cultured in a medium with 10% FCS compared to cells cultured in a FCS-free medium. Substitution of the fetal calf serum by a serum substitute even induced a profound inhibition of the de novo synthesis of DNA in human PBMC. The results indicate that a lymphocyte proliferation response to con A can still be obtained in a culture medium where no FCS was added, although a weaker stimulation occurred in comparison to a culture medium with FCS. However, addition of a serum substitute caused a marked inhibition of the lymphocyte proliferation rate.