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Title: Gestalt Phenomenology: Aron Gurwitsch's Critique and Advancement of Husserlian Phenomenology
Other Titles: Gestalt Phenomenology: Aron Gurwitsch's Critique and Advancement of Husserlian Phenomenology
Authors: Marcelle, Daniel; M9824232
Issue Date: 2-Jul-2009
Table of Contents: I. Introduction
A. Gurwitsch as a Genuine Continuer of Husserlian Phenomenology
B. Gurwitsch's Introduction of Gestalt Theory into Phenomenology and Possible Limits Thereof
C. Gurwitsch as a Novel and Significant Phenomenologist: A Foot in the World of Phenomenology and a Foot in Gestalt Theory
D. The General Path of this Research
II. The Common Ground of Gestalt Theory and Phenomenology: Relinquishment of the constancy-hypothesis as an incipient phenomenological reduction
A. The historical context of the formulation of the constancy hypothesis: The quantification and objectification of psyche
1. General formulation of the constancy hypothesis
2. Historical genesis of the constancy hypothesis
3. Implications for maintaining the constancy-hypothesis
a. The least important science: Psychology as reductive to physics
b. Psychology as behavioristic and materialistic: Mind-brain identity
c. Elemental organization
d. The separation of apparent and theoretical reality
B. Relinquishing the constancy-hypothesis
1. Untenability of the constancy-hypothesis’s auxiliary assumptions
2. The relevance and exigency for contemporary psychology and philosophy
C. The incipient phenomenological reduction: Psychology as a descriptive and incipiently phenomenological science
1. Problems with explanation: Psychology as a descriptive science
2. Psychology as a constitutive science
3. The ambiguity of consciousness and the phenomenological reduction
4. The incipient phenomenological reduction
a. Missing the reduction: Why gestalt psychologists and others failed to realize the potential of their discovery
b. Actualizing the incipient
III. Reorganizing Husserlian organization: Making the case for gestalt theory
A. Traditional elemental organization
B. More than elemental: Husserl and the school of Graz
1. Christian von Ehrenfels: The discovery of gestalt qualities
2. The Graz school: Benussi’s supervenient production of wholes
3. Husserl’s theory of organization: Figural moments and the distinction of independent and dependent parts
4. The problem of independent parts and the reemerging threat of the constancy hypothesis
C. Gestalt organization: Internal and contextual relevance
1. Relevance and gestalt-dependence
2. Internal relevance: The relationship of moments of a single theme
a. Functional significance: The relevance of moments
b. Gestalt coherence: The relevance of the whole in gestalt theory
c. Illustrations and evidence for functional significance and gestalt coherence
3. Contextual relevance: The relationship of objects within a context of objects
IV. Gestalt theory assimilated into phenomenology
A. The structure and organization of consciousness
1. The field of consciousness
a. “Field” as metaphor
b. Thematic consciousness: Theme as noema
c. Thematic field: The context of the theme
i. The organization and structure of the thematic field
ii. Attitude as the noetic correlate of the thematic field
iii. Independence of the theme and the influence of the thematic field
d. Marginal consciousness
i. The “organization” of marginal contents
ii. Self-awareness as marginal
iii. The streaming character of consciousness constituted in the margins
iv. Marginal awareness of the surrounding world and our place in it
v. Marginal awareness and the body
vi. Role of marginal consciousness in the constitution of the natural attitude
e. Transformations of consciousness
i. Modifications of context: 1. enlargement and contraction; 2. elucidation and obscurification; and 3. contextual replacement
ii. Serial modifications of theme
iii. Radical modifications of theme: 1. restructuration; 2. singling out; 3. synthesis; 4. marginal intrusion; and 5. pure margin
f. Husserl and the fields of consciousness
i. Husserl's preparing of the field for Gurwitsch
ii. Attentional modification for Husserl
B. The problem of sense data: Gurwitsch's rejection of Husserl's hylē-morphē distinction within the noetic
1. A general summary of Husserl’s formulation of hyletic data
2. Gurwitsch's understanding and case for the rejection of hyletic data
3. Aspects of Husserl's position that exceed Gurwitsch's caricature
4. A holistic theory of perception: Redefining the role of noeses in the intentional relationship
C. The problem of egological consciousness
1. The problem of the phenomenological describability of the pure ego: Gurwitsch's prohibition for reasons immanent to phenomenology
2. The problem of role: Gurwitsch's version of the “pure ego”
3. The role and phenomenological availability of the pure ego in Husserl
4. Concluding remarks concerning the pure ego
D. The noema in general and Gurwitsch’s interpretation of the perceptual noema
1. Discovery and development of the noema
a. Historical discovery of the noema
b. General features of the perceptual noema common to Husserl and Gurwitsch
c. Organization of the perceptual noema: Husserl's supervenience and Gurwitsch's gestalt formulation of the noema
2. The great Gurwitsch-Føllesdal debate concerning the noema and Gurwitsch's solution
a. Thesis 1: The noema is an intensional entity, a generalization of the notion of meaning (Sinn, Bedeutung).
b. Thesis 4: The noema of an act is not the object of the act (i.e., the object toward which the act is directed).
c. Thesis 8: Noemata are abstract entities.
d. Thesis 9: Noemata are not perceived through our senses.
e. The compatibility of Føllesdal’s and Gurwitsch’s understandings of the noema
f. Gurwitsch's solution: Conceptualization of the perceptual noema
g. Concluding remarks concerning the noema debate
V. Conclusion
VI. Bibliography

Appendices
I. Gestalt illusions: Challenging phenomena for the constancy-hypothesis
II. Aspects of the phenomenological reduction important for Gurwitsch
III. Illustrations and evidence for functional significance and gestalt coherence
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: TH
Appears in Collections:Husserl-Archives: Centre for Phenomenology and Continental Philosophy

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