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Title: Doubly loaded cycloSaligenyl-pronucleotides - 5,5'-Bis-(cycloSaligenyl-2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine monophosphates)
Authors: Gisch, Nicolas ×
Balzarini, Jan
Meier, Chris #
Issue Date: Jun-2009
Publisher: ACS Publications
Series Title: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:52 issue:11 pages:3464-3473
Abstract: Recently, we reported on 3,3'-bis-(cycloSaligenyl-2',3'-dideoxy-2',3'-didehydrothymidine monophosphates) (3,3'-bis-(cycloSal-d4TMPs) 4) as the first pronucleotides with a mask-to-drug ratio of 1:2 that is still a novelty in the field of pronucleotides. Here, we report on a new set of compounds of these unique type of cycloSaligenyl prodrugs 5 that bear a biaryl axis at the 5-position of the cycloSal residue. All compounds 5 showed pronounced in vitro activity against HIV-1 and HIV-2 in wild-type CEM cell cultures and better retained their antiviral activities in thymidine kinase-deficient CEM cells than the compound 4 series. Moreover, compound 5b is the first bis-(cycloSal-d4TMP) that even showed complete retention of antiviral activity in TK-deficient CEM cells. The complex hydrolysis behavior of 5 was investigated, and the proposed hydrolysis mechanism was proven by means of (31)P NMR spectroscopy and HPLC analysis.
URI: 
ISSN: 0022-2623
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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