The American journal of cardiology vol:37 issue:7 pages:1059-64
The relation between the left displacement apex cardiogram and the left ventricular pressure during isovolumic contraction was studied in 30 patients with cardiac disease. Using the instantaneous relation between the first time derivative and the magnitude of both the left apex cardiogram and the left ventricular pressure, normalized derivatives were obtained. These noramized velocities were correlated with each other and with several indexes of left ventricular function. The normalized derivatives of the left apex cardiogram (dD/dt/D) and the left ventricular pressure (dP/dt/P) were similar in magnitude, standard deviation and variation coefficient. No such similarity was present when the first time derivatives of each tracing (dD/dt and dP/dt) were compared. A highly significant relation was found between normalized displacement velocity and normalized pressure velocity using both total (r = 0.76, P less than 0.001) and developed (r = 0.75, P less than 0.001) displacement and pressure. Significant correlations with several other indexes of left ventricular function (end-diastolic pressure, peak dP/dt, maximal velocity of the contractile elements at zero load[Vmax]) were also observed. It is concluded that the index dD/dt/D of the left apex cardiogram is an important noninvasive tool for assessing left ventricular function in man.