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Title: Reference values for SphygmoCor measurements in South Africans of African ancestry
Authors: Shiburi, Cleopatra P ×
Staessen, Jan A
Maseko, Muzi
Wojciechowska, Wiktoria
Thijs, Lutgarde
Van Bortel, Luc M
Woodiwiss, Angela J
Norton, Gavin R #
Issue Date: Jan-2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Series Title: American Journal of Hypertension vol:19 issue:1 pages:40-6
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Measurements of blood pressure (BP) together with applanation tonometry at the radial and femoral arteries allow for reproducible assessments of various indexes of arterial stiffness, including peripheral (PP(p)) and central (PP(c)) pulse pressures, peripheral (AI(p)) and central (AI(c)) augmentation indexes, and aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV). In the absence of an outcome-driven and ethnicity-specific reference frame, we defined preliminary diagnostic thresholds for subjects of African descent living in Africa, using the distributional characteristics of these hemodynamic measurements. METHODS: We randomly recruited 347 subjects from a South African population of African origins. The PP(p) was the average difference between systolic and diastolic BP measured five times consecutively at one home visit. For measurement of PP(c), AI(p), AI(c), and PWV, we used a high-fidelity micromanometer interfaced with a laptop computer running the SphygmoCor software. For analyses we selected 185 subjects without hypertension, diabetes, and previous or concomitant cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: Mean age (33.5 years) was similar in 77 men and 108 women. The PP(p), PP(c), AI(p), AI(c), and PWV significantly increased with age. The 95th prediction bands of this relation at age 30 years, approximated to 70 mm Hg for PP(p), 50 mm Hg for PP(c), 100% for AI(p), 40% for AI(c), and 8.0 m/sec for PWV. The aforementioned thresholds would need adjustment by approximately 2.5 mm Hg, 4.0 mm Hg, 10%, 6%, and 1.0 m/sec, respectively, for each decade that age differs from 30 years. CONCLUSIONS: Pending validation in prospective outcome-based studies 70 mm Hg for PP(p), 50 mm Hg for PP(c), 100% for AI(p), 40% for AI(c), and 8.0 m/sec might be considered as preliminary thresholds to diagnose increased arterial stiffness in young adult subjects of African descent.
URI: 
ISSN: 0895-7061
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Hypertension and Cardiovascular Epidemiology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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