Journal of cardiovascular electrophysiology vol:5 issue:8 pages:659-71
INTRODUCTION: The effect of chronic ischemia on the electrical properties of human cardiac tissue is not well understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Membrane potentials were studied using microelectrode techniques in isolated human ventricular tissues obtained from nonischemic (n = 17) or chronically ischemic (n = 7) myocardium. In normal Tyrode's solution, resting potential (Vr) was lower in ischemic (-70.1 +/- 2.12 mV) than in nonischemic muscles (-77.6 +/- 0.93 mV; mean +/- SEM; P < 0.05). In high [K]o (> 10 mM) media, Vr was of similar magnitude in both types of tissue (in 21.6 mM [K]o, Vr was -53.1 +/- 2.24 mV in nonischemic and -49.6 +/- 2.03 mV in ischemic preparations; n = 7 each; P > 0.05). Lowering [K]o caused persistent hyperpolarization in nonischemic muscles, but caused depolarization in chronically ischemic preparations (in 2.7 mM [K]o, Vr was -84.9 +/- 2.74 mV and -61.7 +/- 7.72 mV, respectively; n = 7; P < 0.05). Pinacidil (100 microM) normalized the response of chronically ischemic preparations to [K]o. Action potentials (APs) from nonischemic tissues varied in shape and could show aberrations. Epinephrine (1.5 microM) and 4-aminopyridine (3 mM) increased the AP duration, while butanedione monoxime (20 mM) and tetrodotoxin (1 microM) shortened it. In chronically ischemic muscles, the AP was characterized by the absence of a plateau and the presence of a slow phase of final repolarization. CONCLUSION: The differential effect of low [K]o on the resting membrane potential of nonischemic and chronically ischemic tissues suggests a change in the properties or the regulation of background K+ channels during chronic ischemia.