Cardiovascular Research vol:38 issue:3 pages:703-10
OBJECTIVE: The effect of an alpha-adrenergic agonist, phenylephrine, on the Na+/Ca2+ exchange current in rat ventricular myocytes was investigated. METHODS: The Na+/Ca2+ exchange current was measured at room temperature in rat ventricular myocytes as the whole-cell current induced by addition of extracellular Na+ and Ca2+, while blocking Na+ current by setting the holding potential at -30 mV, K+ currents by intracellular Cs+, TEA+ and by extracellular Ba2+, Ca2+ current by nifedipine and Na+ pump current by ouabain or by 0 extracellular K+. RESULTS: Under these experimental conditions, application of external Na+ and Ca2+ induced a current which was further increased by phenylephrine. Phenylephrine (80 microM) increased the current by up to 31.0 +/- 5.4% of control at all membrane potentials tested both below and above the reversal potential. The reversal potential (+21.0 +/- 3.2 mV), which corresponded with the theoretical reversal potential for the Na+/Ca2+ exchange current under our ionic conditions (+21.3 mV), was not changed by phenylephrine (+23.2 +/- 4.1 mV). Applying phenylephrine in the absence of Na+/Ca2+ exchange (0 Na+e, 0 Ca2+e) did not change the current. The effect was resistant to propranolol, a beta-adrenergic blocker, but prevented by prazosin, an alpha-receptor antagonist, by neomycin, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, and by chelerythrine, a selective inhibitor of protein kinase C. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate failed to stimulate the current. The effect remained similar under conditions of high (HEPESi = 5 mM) and low (HEPESi = 0.5 mM) intracellular pH buffering. CONCLUSION: Our data indicate that phenylephrine stimulates the Na+/Ca2+ exchange, both in the forward and the reverse modes, probably via a protein kinase C-dependent pathway.