International Crossroads in Cultural Studies Conference edition:3rd location:Birmingham date:21-25 June 2000
The publication of Resistance through Rituals (ed. by Stuart Hall & Tony Jefferson) in 1975 as a working paper at the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies in Birmingham, has left its constitutive mark on the studies of subculture, mass media and style. As post-war 'youth' subcultures were investigated in relation to mass media and style, and related to class, important questions of stategies of resistance in late capitalism were raised. Sexual difference, however, remained rather unexplored.
This paper argues that from the 1970s till the end of the 1990s there has been a movement from 'resistance to rituals' to 'ritualised resistance'. The paper focuses in particular on the emergence of punk in the 70s, the Riot Grrrls in the 80s, and the commercial 'girls' phenomenon in the 90s. This development is analysed to raise new questions about the relation between the late capitalism, sexual difference and strategies of resistance, in the context of cyberfeminism.