Title: Enhancement of antiproliferative activity of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (analogs) by cytochrome P450 enzyme inhibitors is compound- and cell-type specific
Authors: Zhao, J ×
Tan, B K
Marcelis, S
Verstuyf, Annemieke
Bouillon, Roger #
Issue Date: Feb-1996
Series Title: The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology vol:57 issue:3-4 pages:197-202
Abstract: Ketoconazole (keto) or liarozole (liaro), inhibitors of the cytochrome P450 enzymes that mediate vitamin D and A hydroxylations, could potentiate the antiproliferative effects of 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1alpha,25(OH)2D3] and its analogs. Proliferation of MCF-7 and T47-D human breast cancer cells, MG-63 human osteosarcoma cells and HL-60 human promyeloid leukemia cells was concentration dependently inhibited by 1alpha,25(OH)2D3. The vitamin D analogs KH 1060 [20-epi-22-oxa-24,26,27-trihomo-1alpha,25(OH)2D3], RO 23-6010 [16-ene-23-yne-26-trifluoro-1,25(OH)2D2D3], ZXY 835 [20-epi-23-yne-25,26-epoxy-1alpha(OH)D3], and CD 99 [11alpha-methyl-1alpha,25(OH)2D3] were 150-,58-,16- and 7-fold more potent than 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 in inhibiting the proliferation of MCF-7 cells, respectively. A similar rank order of potency was observed in other cell lines. The antiproliferative effects of the vitamin D hormone and analogs was enhanced in MCF-7 cells when coincubated with 1 microM keto (7-, 10-, 5-, 25- and 1.3-fold more potent than in the absence of keto), respectively. The antiproliferative effect was less enhanced when 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 or its analogs KH 1060, ZXY 835 and RO 23-6010 were combined with liaro (3-, 7-, 2- and 3-fold, respectively). Keto and liaro did not markedly potentiate the activity of 1alpha,25(OH)2D3 or its analogs in MG-63 or HL-60 cells. These results suggest that differences in cellular metabolism can at least partially explain the different potency of vitamin D analogs. Moreover, the metabolism of vitamin D analogs is cell-type specific.
ISSN: 0960-0760
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical and Experimental Endocrinology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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