Southern Management Association location:Florida date:12-15 November 2003
The effects of culture on leadership behavior and team effectiveness were examined in a survey. Data were collected from 117.043 respondents in 34 countries. Multilevel analysis was used to test hypotheses, based on Hofstedes dimension of individualism. Individualism was negatively related to coercive and affiliative behavior. Affiliative behavior had a positive effect, and coercive behavior a negative effect on team effectiveness. The negative effect of coercive behavior was stronger in individualistic cultures.