Journal of Adolescence vol:32 issue:3 pages:723-732
The analysis is based on the Belgian Youth Survey (2006), which is a representative survey among 6330
16-year olds in the country. Citizenship concepts were shown to be multi-dimensional, with distinct factors
for conventional or electoral participation and civic engagement. A third, weaker factor could be distinguished
covering obedience to the law. This structure is largely in line with earlier comparative analysis. An
exploratory analysis suggests that these factors have different outcomes on actual or intended political
participation behavior of adolescents. We discuss the relevance of these findings with regard to the current
debates on civic education and civic engagement among younger age cohorts.