The American journal of cardiology vol:69 issue:14 pages:1200-6
The effects on cardiac structure and function of antihypertensive regimens with different effects on the renin-angiotensin system were compared. In a 1-year study, 32 patients with essential hypertension were randomized to treatment with either the converting enzyme inhibitor lisinopril or the calcium antagonist isradipine; hydrochlorothiazide could be added. Blood pressure (BP) decreased significantly (p less than 0.001) and similarly in the 2 treatment groups. Left ventricular (LV) mass was already significantly reduced after 16 weeks of treatment (p less than 0.001) and remained decreased thereafter, with no difference in the response to the 2 treatment regimens. The change in LV mass was related to the decrease in systolic BP for the total study group (p less than 0.001) and for each treatment group separately. During the 3-week run-out period on placebo, BP and LV mass increased again (p less than 0.01). Afterload decreased during active treatment (p less than 0.001), and fractional shortening of the LV internal diameter was significantly increased (p less than 0.01) to a similar extent in both groups. The ratio of peak mitral flow velocities during atrial contraction and early filling was reduced after 1 year of active treatment in the total study group (p less than 0.01); this change was similar in both groups. The data suggest that the regression of LV mass during antihypertensive therapy is mainly related to the decrease in systolic BP.