Title: 'Handhaven' of 'herroepen'? De vraagstelling in twaalf gemeentelijke volksraadplegingen in Vlaanderen onderzocht
Authors: Beckers, Mieke ×
Billiet, Jaak #
Issue Date: 2009
Series Title: Res Publica: Tijdschrift voor Politologie vol:51 issue:1 pages:53-82
Abstract: ‘Maintain’ or ‘Recall’? A study of question wording in
twelve local referenda in Flanders

Direct democratic participation through referenda is often contested, because one faces the problem of determining referendum questions which avoid confusion or subjectivity. However, detailed knowledge concerning so-called ‘question wording effects’ is available within the domain of survey research. In this body of literature, several wording effects such as the use of suggestive wordings, the ambiguity of yes/no questions etc., have been well documented. Yet, despite the similarities between referendum and survey questions, knowledge from survey methodology is rarely employed within the literature on referenda. The present study discusses a number of question wording effects studied in survey research and shows their relevance in referendum settings. What is more, this article explores these effects in twelve local referenda
in Flanders, Belgium. Building on this empirical evidence, we conclude with a number of precise guidelines regarding the quality of referendum questions.
ISSN: 0486-4700
VABB publication type: VABB-1
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Sociological Research
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:
File Description Status SizeFormat
handhaven.pdf Published 3116KbAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

These files are only available to some KU Leuven Association staff members


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.