American journal of hypertension : journal of the American Society of Hypertension vol:6 issue:9 pages:763-70
The relationship between erythrocyte cation transport systems and membrane and plasma lipids was examined in normal men and patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Different measurements of erythrocyte transport systems were obtained in patients with IDDM and in age- and weight-matched healthy men: Na+:Li+ countertransport activity or Li(+)-stimulated Na+ efflux, Na+:K+ cotransport activity or bumetanide-sensitive Na+ efflux, Na+:K+ pump activity or ouabain-sensitive Na+ efflux, and the ouabain- and bumetanide-resistant Na+ and K+ fluxes or the ground membrane permeability for Na+ and K+ as well as the intraerythrocyte Na+, K+, and Mg2+ concentrations. Plasma cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, low- and high- density lipoprotein cholesterol, and erythrocyte membrane cholesterol and phospholipid content were obtained from the fasting subjects. The patients with IDDM had an elevated (P < .05 or less) erythrocyte Na+:Li+ countertransport activity, ground membrane leak for K+, intraerythrocyte K+ concentration, and erythrocyte membrane cholesterol content, but a lower red blood cell phospholipid content. In single regression analysis, the erythrocyte Na+:Li+ countertransport, Na+:K+ cotransport, and Na+:K+ pump activity and ground membrane leak for Na+ and K+ were inversely related to the red blood cell membrane lipid content. Our data in patients with IDDM show that a decreased erythrocyte membrane lipid content was accompanied by a higher erythrocyte Na+:Li+ countertransport, Na+:K+ cotransport, and Na+:K+ pump activity.