Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism vol:83 issue:1 pages:81-7
Administration of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) or growth hormone (GH) is known to stimulate bone turnover and kidney function. To investigate the effects of IGF-I and GH on markers of bone turnover, eight adult GH-deficient patients (48 +/- 14 yr of age) were treated with IGF-I (5 micrograms/kg/h in a continuous s.c. infusion) and GH (0.03 IU/kg/daily s.c. injection at 2000 h) in a randomized cross-over study. We monitored baseline values for three consecutive days before initiating the five-day treatment period, as well as the wash-out period of ten weeks. Serum osteocalcin, carboxyterminal and aminoterminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP and PINP, respectively) increased significantly within 2-3 days of both treatments (P < 0.02) and returned to baseline levels within one week after the treatment end. The changes in resorption markers were less marked as compared with formation markers. Total 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25-(OH)2D3) rose significantly, whereas PTH and calcium levels remained unchanged during either treatment. Conclusions: Because the rapid increase in markers of bone formation was not preceded by an increase in resorption markers, IGF-I is likely to stimulate bone formation by a direct effect on osteoblasts. Moreover, because PTH, calcium, and phosphate remained unchanged, IGF-I appears to stimulate renal 1 alpha-hydroxylase activity in vivo.