Title: Effect of aprepitant on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin
Authors: Depré, Marleen ×
Van Hecken, Anne
Oeyen, M
De Lepeleire, I
Laethem, T
Rothenberg, P
Petty, K J
Majumdar, A
Crumley, T
Panebianco, D
Bergman, A
de Hoon, J N #
Issue Date: Jul-2005
Series Title: European journal of clinical pharmacology vol:61 issue:5-6 pages:341-6
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of aprepitant on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of warfarin. Aprepitant is a neurokinin-1 (NK1)-receptor antagonist developed as an antiemetic for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. METHODS: This was a double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized, two-period, parallel-group study. During period 1, warfarin was individually titrated to a stable prothrombin time (expressed as international normalized ratio, INR) from 1.3 to 1.8. Subsequently, the daily warfarin dose remained fixed for 10-12 days. During period 2, the warfarin dose was continued for 8 days, and on days 1-3 administered concomitantly with aprepitant (125 mg on day 1, and 80 mg on days 2 and 3) or placebo. At baseline (day -1 of period 2) and on day 3, warfarin pharmacokinetics was investigated. INR was monitored daily. During period 2, warfarin trough concentrations were determined daily. RESULTS: The study was completed by 22 healthy volunteers (20 men, 2 women). On day 3, steady-state pharmacokinetics of warfarin enantiomers after aprepitant did not change, as assessed by warfarin AUC(0-24 h) and C(max). However, compared with placebo, trough S(-) warfarin concentrations decreased on days 5-8 (maximum decrease 34% on day 8, P<0.01). The INR decreased after aprepitant with a mean maximum decrease on day 8 of 11% versus placebo (P=0.011). CONCLUSION: These data are consistent with a significant induction of CYP2C9 metabolism of S(-) warfarin by aprepitant. Subsequently, in patients on chronic warfarin therapy, the clotting status should be monitored closely during the 2-week period, particularly at 7-10 days, following initiation of the 3-day regimen of aprepitant with each chemotherapy cycle.
ISSN: 0031-6970
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Clinical Pharmacology Centre (-)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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