Journal of internal medicine vol:241 issue:2 pages:143-50
OBJECTIVES: To find out whether insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) mimics the stimulatory effects of growth hormone (GH) on bone turnover and renal tubular phosphate reabsorption. DESIGN: Randomized, crossover study. SETTING: University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland. SUBJECTS: Seven young healthy male subjects. INTERVENTIONS: Each subject was studied three times at 2-week intervals, treated with saline 0.9% (S), IGF-I [8 micrograms kg-1 h-1] by a continuous subcutaneous infusion and finally with GH (6 U. twice daily s.c.) for 5 days. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 36 h after the start of treatment, IGF-I, biochemical markers of bone turnover, calcium, calcium regulating hormones, kidney function and phosphate reabsorption were measured in serum and in 2 h urine in fasting state. RESULTS: Serum levels of IGF-I were 26.8 +/- 7.3 (S), 119.4 +/- 11.4 (IGF-I) (P < 0.02) and 58.4 +/- 12.9 nmol L-1 (GH) (P < 0.02), respectively. Serum osteocalcin and carboxyterminal propeptide of type I collagen (PICP) as well as the urinary deoxypyridinoline/creatinine and the calcium/ creatinine ratios were all significantly higher after IGF-I (P < 0.02) or GH (P < 0.02) than after saline treatment. PTH levels did not change in response to treatment. Total albumin-corrected calcium increased only after GH treatment (P < 0.05). The free calcitriol index rose from 2.2 +/- 0.5 x 10(-5) (S) to 2.81 +/- 0.25 x 10(-5) (IGF-I) (P < 0.03) and 2.45 +/- 0.25 x 10(-5) (GH), respectively. Serum phosphate and maximal tubular reabsorption divided by glomerular filtration rate (TmP/GFR) were significantly raised by GH (P < 0.03) but not by IGF-I as compared to saline 0.9%. CONCLUSIONS: (i) Similar to GH, IGF-I rapidly activates bone turnover. (ii) IGF-I does not mimic the effect of GH on renal phosphate reabsorption in spite of comparable effects on renal blood flow and glomerular filtration rate. (iii) IGF-I increases free calcitriol index in face of unchanged serum levels of calcium, phosphate and PTH, consistent with a direct stimulatory effect on 25-OHD-1a-hydroxylase.