Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease vol:48 issue:2 pages:89-95
Qualitative broth culture and quantitative culture on agar were compared with quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the diagnosis of foreign body infections (FBI) in a rat model with and without exposure to systemic antibiotics (teicoplanin and rifampin). The 3 methods had a similar and high yield without antibiotics. Antibiotics decreased the number of CFU/foreign body and increased the number of culture-negative foreign bodies and the variability of the results in quantitative culture. The yield of broth culture remained high under antibiotics although prolonged incubation (2-5 days) was required. The yield of the PCR was equivalent or even superior (for teicoplanin) to the yield of broth culture. Quantitative PCR had a higher yield and lower variability than quantitative culture and was not affected by antibiotics. The simultaneous isolation of RNA from all samples indicated viability of the bacteria. Quantitative PCR seems a promising method for the diagnosis of FBI.