Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications vol:279 issue:1 pages:89-94
To improve our understanding of the cutaneous vitamin D system, we studied vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene regulation in cultured human keratinocytes. Because VDR and its ligand 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) have been implicated in epidermal growth control, we investigated VDR expression as related to cellular proliferation by using different cell cycle synchronization protocols. Keratinocytes, deprived of growth factors, were forced into quiescence and a concomitant loss of VDR expression was observed. Mitogenic stimulation of these G(0) cells however quickly upregulated VDR levels several hours ahead the G(1)-S transition point. Growth arrest at the G(1)-S border by mimosine treatment or at the metaphase by nocodazole also downregulated VDR levels but a restoration of VDR expression was again quickly achieved after reentering the cell cycle. These findings indicate that VDR expression in keratinocytes is restricted to actively cycling cells, but not limited to one particular phase of the cell cycle.