Journal of the European Ceramic Society vol:29 issue:6 pages:1053-1060
The interaction mechanisms between a pitch-bonded MgO-C refractory and an Al2O3 rich (similar to 15 wt%) stainless steelmaking slag were investigated by rotating finger tests in a vacuum induction furnace. A porous MgO layer (instead of a dense MgO layer) was observed at the hot face of the MgO-C bricks. This implies that under the present low oxygen pressure conditions, the oxygen supply from the slag is insufficient to meet the demand of reoxidising the entire amount of Mg vapor generated from the MgO-C reaction to form a fully dense MgO layer. A Mg(Al,Cr)(2)O-4 spinel layer with zoning was found at the slag/brick interface in the top slag zone specimen of Test 3 (CHS3). Based on the thermodynamic analyses with and experimental data, a mechanism of Mg(Al,Cr)(2)O-4 spinel formation is proposed. Initially, hot face periclase grains take up Cr2O3, and to a much lesser extent, Al2O3 from the slag. The further diffusion of Cr2O3 and Al2O3 from the slag establishes a spinel layer of three distinct compositions of the type MgAl2(1-x)Cr2xO4, With x decreasing when moving from the interior to the exterior spinel layer. Due to the low oxygen pressures, the thermodynamically less stable, dissolved Cr2O3 in the hot face periclase decomposes and forms chromium-rich metal droplets. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.