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Title: Human T cell activation with phytohemagglutinin. The function of IL-6 as an accessory signal
Authors: Ceuppens, Jan ×
Baroja, M L
Lorre, K
Van Damme, Jozef
Billiau, Alfons #
Issue Date: Dec-1988
Series Title: Journal of Immunology vol:141 issue:11 pages:3868-74
Abstract: T cell proliferation induced by the lectin PHA requires the presence of monocytes. Here, we report that IL-6 represents part of the monocyte-derived helper activity for human T cell stimulation with PHA. Resting T cells isolated from peripheral blood or tonsils and completely depleted of accessory cells (monocytes and NK cells) did not proliferate in response to PHA alone. Addition of a cell-free monocyte culture supernatant (not containing IL-2) to the PHA-stimulated cultures resulted in T cell proliferation. We identified IL-6 as an essential helper factor in these monocyte supernatants, because antisera to IL-6 (but not anti-IL-1-beta) completely neutralized the helper effect of the monocyte supernatant. Moreover, addition of purified human IL-6 (but not IL-1-beta) to T cell cultures resulted in proliferation of PHA-stimulated T cells. Although IL-1 could not restore the PHA-induced proliferative response of isolated T cells by itself, it strongly enhanced the helper effect of IL-6. In contrast to intact monocytes, IL-6 did not induce detectable IL-2 production in cultures of PHA-stimulated T cells. Furthermore, an anti-IL-2R mAb (anti-Tac) did not block the proliferative response induced by PHA and IL-6, suggesting that an IL-2-independent pathway of T cell proliferation was involved. In conclusion our results show that human IL-6, previously identified as a B cell hybridoma growth and a B cell differentiation factor, represents part of the monocyte helper function for PHA-induced human T cell activation and proliferation.
ISSN: 0022-1767
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Academic Center for General Practice
Laboratory of Molecular Immunology (Rega Institute)
Laboratory of Immunobiology (Rega Institute)
Laboratory of Clinical Immunology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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