Cancer genetics and cytogenetics vol:144 issue:1 pages:1-5
We report on three cases with myelocytic malignancies cytogenetically characterized by a deletion of chromosome 15 occurring as the sole cytogenetic aberration. The deletions were defined as del(15) (q12q21) (two cases) and del(15)(q11q21) (one case). Cytogenetic analysis was supplemented by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using a chromosome 15 specific whole chromosome painting probe and probes hybridizing to the UBE3A gene on 15q11similar toq13, the PML gene on 15q22, and the telomeric region of 15q. Hereby, an interstitial deletion of 15q including UBE3A, but not PAIL and the telomeric region of 15q could be demonstrated. Two of our patients were diagnosed as acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) with bone marrow dysplasia classified as AML-M6 and AML-M4, respectively, according to the French-American-British classification; the third patient suffered from a chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CM-MoL). In two cases, the aberration was found at the time of primary diagnosis, whereas the third case showed the del(15) only during relapse of leukemia. Both cases with acute leukemia did not adequately respond to intensive chemotherapeutic treatment and died 13 and I I months, respectively, after primary diagnosis. Our findings and the data of five previously published cases with an isolated del(15) indicate that: 1) del(15) represents a rare but recurrent abnormality in myelocytic hemopathies; 2) in our cases, del(I 5) was interstitial and included the region 15q11similar toq13/UBE3A, but not 15q22/PML and the telomeric region of 15q as shown by FISH; 3) del(15) occurs frequently in disorders with myelodysplastic or myeloproliferative features and may therefore affect early hernatopoietic progenitor cells; and 4) del(15) may occur during disease progression and is often associated with an unfavorable prognosis. (C) 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.